Kituo cha Katiba organized the Fact-finding Mission in two legs; the first to Unguja Zanzibar, which was undertaken from July 13th – 16th 2009. The second was undertaken in Tanzania Mainland from 23rd – 28th August 2009.  The Mission also subsequently visited Pemba from April 19th - 20th, 2010.

The Mission met a cross section of key stakeholders from Tanzania Mainland, Zanzibar (Unguja) and Pemba including government officials, parliamentarians, members of the judiciary, academics, civil society including human rights, women and youth nongovernmental organisations, religious leaders, the media, to mention a few.

The main objective was to examine areas of tension relating to the Union between Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar with respect to enhancing Zanzibar’s role in the East African Community (EAC) processes and to devise ways and means of resolving them.

The Mission set out to examine the Union and gather the views on it, both in Zanzibar and on the Mainland, to establish the problems associated with the Union, and the Union question related to the East African integration process. On the basis of the views expressed by Tanzanians on the issue, the Mission came to the conclusion that there are problems associated with the formation, structure and management of the Union. Many of these problems remain unresolved and are the basis for the dissatisfaction and grievances on many aspects of the Union including its legality, the two-government structure, the expansion of the list of Union matters, the sharing of Union benefits and costs, the threat to Zanzibar’s identity and international dealing and to some extent the loss of the Tanganyika identity. The Mission also concluded that in spite of these problems the majority of Tanzanians not only accept the fact of the Union but would not want to break it and would like the Union to continue. The Mission also concluded that the majority of people both in Zanzibar and on the Mainland would like to see changes in all the aspects of the Union stated above in order to have a just and equitable Union, which genuinely represents the interests of both sides of the Union.

The mission team comprised the following members: Hon. Augustine Ruzindana (Uganda), former Inspector General of Government, former Member of Parliament and immediate former Chairperson of the African Parliamentarians Network Against Corruption (Head of Mission); Mr. Vincent Ndikumasabo (Burundi), Lecturer, Constitutional & Judicial law, University of Lac Tanganyika, former Judge of the Supreme Court and former Member of Parliament; Prof. Godfrey Muriuki (Kenya), Professor of History, University of Nairobi; Ms. Justine Mirembe (Rwanda), Consultant, Lawyer practising in Kigali; Ms. Florence Batoni (Rwanda), Communications and Peace Building Expert; Prof. Frederick Jjuuko (Uganda), Professor of Law, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda (Secretary to the Mission); Ms. Edith Kibalama, Executive Director, Kituo cha Katiba provided logistical support.